PO Box 239

Emigrant, MT 59027

upperyellowstone@gmail.com

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© 2016 Upper Yellowstone Watershed Group

 

Vital Signs Index

Monitoring baseline vital signs is one way to compare where we are today with the past, and discuss where we may want to be in the future. The following is set of vital signs we monitor as community scientists on the Upper Yellowstone. Data covers Park County unless otherwise specified. 

Reference Condition
Current Condition
Vital Sign

Indicators

climate

31F, 55F

15.19" (Mean)

10.10" (Mean)

-0.2

3,212

13.0"

17,900 cfs

27F, 52F (1971-2000 ave)

19.2 (Max '15), 11.9 (Min '03)

11.1 (Max '10), 8.8 (Min '09)

-2.0 to +2.0 (1894-2012 ave)

2,731 (1971-2000 ave)

14.3" (1983-2012 ave)

12,500 (1971-2000 median)

Ave min, max daily temp

Annual precip '00-'18 (Pine Creek)

Annual precip (Gardiner)

Drought index

Growing degree days

Peak snow water equivalent

Peak streamflow (Corwin)

FIRE

6,232 acres

1-28,849 (1990-2005 range)

Acres burned per year

Air quality

3.1 (2010)

10.5 ppm-hr (2010)

1.9 (2010)

0.8 (2010)

12.6 ppm (2013)

4.4 PM2.5 mg/m3 (2013)

< 2 deciviews

< 7 ppm-hr

< 1.4 kg/ha/yr

< 1 kg/ha/yr

28 ppm

28 ppm

Visibility (deciviews)

Ozone (W126)

Nitrogen in precip (kg/ha/yr)

Sulfur in precipitation (kg/ha/yr)

Winter CO max 1-hour ave

Winter PM2.5 24-hour ave

water Quantity

Coming Soon

TBD

Base Flow rate (Corwin)

Base Flow rate (Carter's)

Base Flow rate (Reedfly)

water

quality

(based on rivernet sites)

Coming Soon

Coming Soon

Temperature

Nitrates

Phosphates

Ammonium

pH

FROGS

75%

53%

60%

TBD

TBD

100%

% potential breeding sites

% catchments occupied

% major drainages with 4 native species

Ospreys

15 Active Nests & 29 Fledglings in 2018

20 (ave since 2012)

Breeding Pairs

(Gardiner to Livingston)

bighorn

sheep

378 sheep, 39 lambs

300-500 sheep

Northern Range Count

elk

3,915 (2013)

4,000-15,000 elk

Northern range winter count

pronghorn

351 (2013)

300-600 pronghorn

Northern range spring count

trumpeter

swans

16 swans

2 pairs

40 swans

10 pairs

Resident fall count

Nesting pairs

yellowstone

cutthroat

10.7

.55

2.76

> 15

> 2

> 60

Ave # per net in fall

Ave # caught per hour angling

Ave # observed in spawning streams

whitebark

pine

20-30% of trees

6,362 acres (2011)

TBD

0-41,000 (range 1983-2011)

% Blister rust infection

Pine beetle infestation

non-native

plants & animals

TBD

TBD

2

0

0

0

Aquatic Nuisance Species

Invasive Plants

Bass

wildlife diseases

< 5% in elk, 40-60% in bison

Not Evident

45%

Some

Not Evident

Not Evident

0

0

0

0

0

0

Brucellosis

Chronic Wasting Disease

Chytrid Fungus

Parvovirus & Mange

West Nile Virus

White Nose Syndrom

direct human impacts

TBD

1 million

66% 

TBD

.8-1 million (2000-2009

Road & Home Density

Annual Visitation (Gardiner)

% time audible OSVs (8am-4pm)

archaeological sites

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Percentage Inventoried

% Documented

museum collections

TBD

100%

Percentage Catalogued

historic sites

TBD

100%

Percentage assessed in good condition

humans

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Population

Jobs

Poverty

soil quality

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Active Fungi

Active Bacteria

AF:AB

Carbon Sequestration