PO Box 239

Emigrant, MT 59027

upperyellowstone@gmail.com

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© 2016 Upper Yellowstone Watershed Group

 

Vital Signs Index

Monitoring baseline vital signs is one way to compare where we are today with the past, and discuss where we may want to be in the future. The following is set of vital signs we monitor as community scientists on the Upper Yellowstone. Data covers Park County unless otherwise specified. 

Reference Condition
Current Condition
Vital Sign

Indicators

climate

31F, 55F

15.19" (Mean)

10.10" (Mean)

-0.2

3,212

13.0"

17,900 cfs

27F, 52F (1971-2000 ave)

19.2 (Max '15), 11.9 (Min '03)

11.1 (Max '10), 8.8 (Min '09)

-2.0 to +2.0 (1894-2012 ave)

2,731 (1971-2000 ave)

14.3" (1983-2012 ave)

12,500 (1971-2000 median)

Ave min, max daily temp

Annual precip '00-'18 (Pine Creek)

Annual precip (Gardiner)

Drought index

Growing degree days

Peak snow water equivalent

Peak streamflow (Corwin)

FIRE

6,232 acres

1-28,849 (1990-2005 range)

Acres burned per year

Air quality

3.1 (2010)

10.5 ppm-hr (2010)

1.9 (2010)

0.8 (2010)

12.6 ppm (2013)

4.4 PM2.5 mg/m3 (2013)

< 2 deciviews

< 7 ppm-hr

< 1.4 kg/ha/yr

< 1 kg/ha/yr

28 ppm

28 ppm

Visibility (deciviews)

Ozone (W126)

Nitrogen in precip (kg/ha/yr)

Sulfur in precipitation (kg/ha/yr)

Winter CO max 1-hour ave

Winter PM2.5 24-hour ave

water Quantity

TBD

TBD

TBD

279 Mgal/day - 430 cfs

TBD

Base Flow rate (Corwin)

Base Flow rate (Carter's)

Base Flow rate (Mill Creek)

 Park County Irrigation Usage

water

quality

(based on rivernet sites)

Coming Soon

Coming Soon

Temperature

Nitrates

Phosphates

Ammonium

pH

Salmon Flies

TBD

TBD

TBD

Ospreys

15 Active Nests & 29 Fledglings in 2018

20 (ave since 2012)

Breeding Pairs

(Gardiner to Livingston)

bighorn

sheep

378 sheep, 39 lambs

300-500 sheep

Northern Range Count

Keystone ungulates

3,915 (2013)

351 (2013)

TBD

4,000-15,000 elk

300-600 pronghorn

Elk Northern Range Count

Pronghorn Northern Range Count

Mule Deer Count

Keystone Predators

TBD

TBD

Grizzly Bears

Wolves

livestock deaths

TBD

TBD

Due to Bears

Due to Wolves

Due to Disease

yellowstone

cutthroat

10.7

.55

2.76

> 15

> 2

> 60

Ave # per net in fall

Ave # caught per hour angling

Ave # observed in spawning streams

whitebark

pine

20-30% of trees

6,362 acres (2011)

TBD

0-41,000 (range 1983-2011)

% Blister rust infection

Pine beetle infestation

non-native

plants & animals

TBD

TBD

2

0

0

0

Invasive Trees

Invasive Weeds

Bass

wildlife diseases

< 5% in elk, 40-60% in bison

Not Evident

45%

Some

Not Evident

Not Evident

0

0

0

0

0

0

Brucellosis

Chronic Wasting Disease

Chytrid Fungus

Parvovirus & Mange

West Nile Virus

White Nose Syndrom

direct human impacts

TBD

1 million

66% 

TBD

.8-1 million (2000-2009

Road & Home Density

Annual Visitation (Gardiner)

% time audible OSVs (8am-4pm)

Average Daily Floaters

Average Lot Size

Rural character

TBD

TBD

# Cattle

Average Farm Size

Irrigated Land

Farm Revenues

museum collections

TBD

100%

Percentage Catalogued

historic sites

TBD

100%

Percentage assessed in good condition

humans

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Population

Jobs

Poverty

soil quality

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

Active Fungi

Active Bacteria

AF:AB

Carbon Sequestration